Active Ageing, Active Learning: Issues and Challenges
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People seem, therefore, to mix physical, mental, and social factors, and the ability of deciding by their own. By questioning the deterministic view of the WHO model, this study puts an emphasis on the need for introducing, a psychosocial perspective, and take into consideration the pro-active attitude that people claim. In sum, people should stay engaged with society and at the same time adopt a healthy life style to guarantee the best physical condition. However, the key aspect of the active aging model derives from the balance between individual and social responsibility in aging well as both contribute to aging outcomes.
Based on the present data, psychological aspects proved to be of great relevance for active aging, and corroborate previous research that considers mental health balance as an optimist view of life and cognitive capacity [e. It is possible to conclude that although being very important, objective and subjective health seem not to be the main aspects of active aging.
Health issues are common at advanced ages and psychological status matters to cope with them. Psychological variables may contribute to more positive attitudes toward health and facilitate functionality, balancing objective measures with subjective ones as supported in the literature [e. We advocate greater attention to psychological aspects to foster active aging either by intervening in psychological distress or training coping strategies that help people to keep engaged with life despite the presence of health problems.
As the ultimate objective of studying and intervening in very old age is to optimize the aging process and quality of life, this association should by explored in future research as 5 suggested by focusing on the individual and examining the contributions of active aging to life satisfaction and the possible predictive value of coping styles to active aging.
The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Front Med Lausanne v.
Front Med Lausanne. Published online Oct Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
Specialty section: This article was submitted to Geriatric Medicine, a section of the journal Frontiers in Medicine. Received Aug 25; Accepted Oct The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice.
No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Abstract Background Active aging encompasses a socially and individually designed mix of different domains that range from personal and familial, to social and professional. Results The structural covariances for the two age groups were statistically different.
Conclusion These findings reinforce the importance of psychological functioning in active aging in oldest old, and the need for further research on specific psychological features underlying the subjective meaning of active aging in more advanced ages. Keywords: active aging, World Health Organization, confirmatory factor analysis, health, psychological determinants. Measures Different groups of determinants of active aging were assessed by means of an extensive protocol that was developed considering literature review of most common tests used in Gerontology and Geriatrics, and following previous experience with the European Survey of Aging Protocol [ESAP 10 ].
Active Aging in Very Old Age and the Relevance of Psychological Aspects
Table 1 Definition of variables. Open in a separate window. Statistical Analysis Invariance Analysis Methods Confirmatory factor analysis CFA models of factorial invariance enable one to test explicitly the structure of a model or its individual parameters for equivalence across subgroups or conditions Results Sample Characteristics The sample comprised 1, persons with an average age of Table 2 Sample characteristics total and subgroups. Multigroup Analysis of Structural Invariance To test the invariance across age groups, we conducted a multigroup analysis of structural invariance.
Table 3 Structural invariance analysis. Table 4 Factor Structure of P3A for people aged 75 or more years: exploratory factor analysis. Figure 1. Conclusion Based on the present data, psychological aspects proved to be of great relevance for active aging, and corroborate previous research that considers mental health balance as an optimist view of life and cognitive capacity [e. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
Active ageing: an empirical approach to the WHO model. Curr Gerontol Geriatr Res :1— Active Aging: A Policy Framework. Geneva: World Health Organization; An empirical comparison of different models of active aging in Canada: the International Mobility in Aging Study. Gerontologist 57 2 — Haque M. Active ageing level of older persons: regional comparison in Thailand. J Aging Res :1—9. Does active ageing contribute to life satisfaction for older people? Testing a new model of active ageing. Eur J Ageing 14 3 — Rio de Janeiro: ILC; Boudiny K, Mortelmans D.
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